Nobel Prize goes to American Astrophysicists
In welcomding the news that the Nobel Prize for Physics had been awarded jointly to John Mather and George Smoot, Professor Michael Rowan-Robinson, President of the Royal Astronomical Society added...
'The demonstration of the perfect blackbody form of the cosmic microwave background spectrum by John Mather and his team, and the detection of fluctuations in the cosmic background radiation by George Smoot and his team, are among the most significant discoveries in astronomy of the past century.
The blackbody form demonstrates the correctness of the Hot Big Bang model, in which matter and radiation were locked together in thermal equilibrium for the first 300,000 years after the initial singularity. The fluctuations show that galaxies and clusters of galaxies grew from very small seed fluctuations in the early universe through gravitational aggregation.'
Further information is available on the Nobel Prize web site