NEW VIEW OF X-RAY JET BLASTING THROUGH NEAREST RADIO GALAXY
Only a small minority of galaxies have powerful jets of electrically charged particles but, where they are present, they can have profound effects on the galaxies they inhabit. They are believed to come from close to a central massive black hole and in many cases they extend for hundreds of thousands of light years. Astronomers have been aware of radio emission and visible light from such jets for many years, but more recently, scientists using the orbiting observatory Chandra have discovered that X-ray emission from jets is also common. The X-rays come from electrons carrying large amounts of energy - comparable with the energies reached in the accelerators used in particle physics experiments on Earth.
The team working on Centaurus A, led by Dr Hardcastle, a Royal Society Research Fellow at the University of Bristol, and Dr Ralph Kraft, of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in the USA, observed its jet with both Chandra and the Very Large Array radio telescope in New Mexico. The radio observations, taken between 1991 and 2002, showed that parts of the jet are moving away from the centre of the galaxy at speeds of about half the speed of light. However, the regions of the jet that are emitting the most X-rays were stationary. The interpretation the team put on this finding is that the stationary regions are where the jet is stalled when it encounters clouds of gas or peculiar stars. The X-ray emission would be produced by the powerful shock generated as the fast jet flow runs into the stationary material. If this is true, it would be the first time that interactions in a jet have been seen in so much detail.
The team believe that their research will have implications for the study of other, more distant galactic jets. "Because Cen A is the closest radio galaxy to us, and we can image its jet so clearly, it's a key object," said Dr Hardcastle. "We really need to understand it if we're going to understand any of the others."
A picture showing the radio and X-ray images of the inner 4,000 light years of the jet in Cen A can be found at
Dr Martin Hardcastle,
University of BristolPhone:
(+44) (0)117 928 9051 Fax: (+44) (0)117 925 5624
Dr Hardcastle will be at the NAM in Dublin 8 - 11 April
Date: 1 April 2003
Issued by Jacqueline Mitton and Peter Bond, RAS Press Officer.
NAM PRESS ROOM, Dublin, Ireland (8 -11 April only):
UK/Ireland National Astronomy Meeting Web site http://star.arm.ac.uk/nam2003/